Lung cancer


Paper needs to be 2-3 pages with references. You have just finished a health education in-service to the community on the hazards of smoking. A representative of the tobacco industry is present at your in-service and makes the following comment regarding your presentation: "You gave a nice presentation. However, I disagree with you that smoking can cause lung cancer. There is still not enough evidence to indicate that smoking can cause cancer." Respond to his statement and indicate why there is a cause-effect relationship between smoking and lung cancer using the five criteria for causality. 2. What is your interpretation of the evidence on how smoking affects lung cancer?   To determine whether thereis a cause-effect relationship, the following criteria needs to be evaluated:   1.  STRENGTH OF ASSOCIATION   What is the relative risk or odds ratio for the exposure and the disease?  A larger ratio means that the exposure more likely caused the disease.  For example,if a study that you found on the internet states that individuals who smoked were 10 times more likely to develop lung cancer than individuals who did not, and they are referring to has an odds ratio or relative risk that is equal to 10. Recall that an odds ratio or relative risk that is equal to one means there is no difference.   2. DOSE-RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP   According to studies (such as those on the internet), does increasing levels of exposure to the factor (such as smoking) result in a corresponding rise in disease? If there is a corresponding rise in occurrence of disease with increasing levels of exposure to a factor, it is more likely that there is a cause-effect relationship?   3. CONSISTENCY OF ASSOCIATION   Has there been many studies indicating that there is an association between the exposure and the disease?  If the same association is found using different study designs, different populations, and different settings, there is a consistency of association and it is more likely that there is a cause-effect relationship.   4. TEMPORALLY CORRECT ASSOCIATION   Does the exposure occur before the onset of disease?  The exposure must precede onset of illness.   5. BIOLOGICAL PLAUSIBILITY   Does the association between the exposure and the disease make sense? Why?  The association between the exposure and the disease must be plausible in terms of current knowledge about the factor and the disease.  
Get Unique Answer To This Question Now!

Join over 1.5 Million Students at BEZERN


Only $15 per page

For a COMPLETE and UNIQUE answer to this question
& FREE Chapter Outline and Academic Sources Details

& FREE Step by Step Explanation Attached (for revision) Details

& FREE Plagiarism and Grammar Report Details

& FREE Formatting and UNLIMITED Citations Or References Details

& FREE Unlimited Revisions Details

30% OFF on your First Order!

You will save $5 per page! For large tasks you save more than $50





Still Unsure? Click here to learn more us and how we are working thousands of students like you.

Overview

For the student with the question.

This platform is for the student with the question, whether it is a tough assignment, a topic that they did not understand, a short essay, an exam revision project, a field research project or a dissertation and a capstone project. We are here to make sure that that student leaves with an in-depth comprehension of their subject matter. This is mostly in the form of Question and Answer, a student asks a question, and we guide them through the answer.

Currently, we have over 300 tutors qualified in a wide range of subjects and course units. Each and every of our tutors has been vetted meticulously on the basis of their academic qualifications and tutoring experience. We make sure that each question is assigned to the most qualified tutor in that specific field. The students that we assist have informed us that we are contributing to their progress through various academic institutions globally.

And for all this, we charge $15 per page. The question is, what are you waiting for?

Our Statistics

What You Get

You Get a COMPLETE and UNIQUE answer to your question within your set deadline
You also get a FREE Chapter Outline and Academic Sources See More
You also get a FREE Step by Step Explanation Attached (for revision) See More
You also get a FREE Plagiarism and Grammar Report See More
You also get a FREE Formatting and UNLIMITED Citations Or References See More
You also get a FREE Unlimited Revisions See More

Quality Assurance Measures

"We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit."
- Will Durant

At Bezern, have consistently ensured that our clients get nothing but the best possible services and materials. Our tutors are ardent practitioners of this with over 94% of our clients informing us that they got an A or its equivalent in the work that was handled and guided by our tutors.
In addition, we have a dedicated 15-strong support team who not only liaise with students on live chat, email and phone but also counter-check every paper before delivering it to client. This means that even before you get your work it will have been reviewed more than three times to eliminate any errors.
But that is not all, we also attach a Grammar and Plagiarism report to every sample that is prepared here at Bezern. That way, the students can verify our bold claims of ZERO PLAGIARISM AND PERFECT WORK for themselves. And the Grammar and Plagiarism report is prepared FREE without any extra costs.
In short, by the time you are reviewing the paper you can be sure that the quality of your help is up to the BEZERN standards.

Our Privacy Policy


In regards to the general Bezern site policy on privacy and cookies please refer to the terms and conditions. This section will address privacy regarding order assignment and handling.

Our privacy policy is extremely simple, we do not ask or require any more details other than your email. Even your phone number is optional and remains as such. In addition, all order details and communications between you, your tutor and support staff are managed through your Account ID which is randomly and anonymously assigned to your account and cannot be tied to your person.

In short, we cannot surrender or collect any information that we do not have.

Refund and Money Back Policy

Our Refund and Money Back Policy has already been highlighted in the terms and conditions and therefore this sections will only highlight the refund and money back policy when dealing with academic assistance.
We provide FULL refunds for any undelivered work or works late enough to be considered undelivered. In addition, we offer full refunds for any plagiarism exceeding 30%.
We offer PARTIAL REFUNDS for any late works and any plagiarism exceeding 10% of the total paper.
Despite this we rarely if ever give refunds because we never violate the terms and conditions of our services. We always deliver the paper on time and with a plagiarism report attached so you can rest assured that your paper will be perfect.

See what other Students are saying.

My New Fav Site

These guys are epic, not a single lateness or plagiarism, and they attach the reports. Keep it up guys!

Madelyn

University of King's College

Best price selection

And to imagine I had been paying over $30 per page for poor quality work. Bezern got half the price for double the quality.

Javan

GCU

Good Work

Bezern.com is perfect for me, no more no less


Clara

Phoenix University
*Please note the images used are automatically generated and assigned. We do not request images from our customers for reviews.

See How This Works

Free Subscription

If you spend more than $100 you will get FREE monthly subscription worth $5 per month. This will allow you to access every paper, question, notes, course materials, flashcards and answers that we have in our database for your study and revision.