Rape Law Reform in England and Wales

1. INTRODUCTION The beginning of the 21st Century has seen a major overhaul of the sexual offences legislation in England and Wales. Prior to this reform the law on sexual offences was based on legislation implemented in 1956[2], with some parts dating as far back as the 19th Century. It goes without saying that this legislation was grossly dated and unsuitable for the 21st Century. A number of important amendments had been made since the 1956 legislation, including the...


Law Essays - Intellectual Property Rights

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Intellectual property can be instrumental to the value of any business. The ability to protect a business or an individual's ideas, inventions and original processes is something that is considered essential to many establishments, particularly those that rely on innovative ideas and products as their unique selling point. Intellectual property rights span a wide range of situations and products, although the most common rights are designs,...


Fighting for Rights

In 1925 the Indian National Congress adopted the ‘Declaration of Rights.’ In subsequent session held at Madras held in the year 1927 demanded incorporation of a ‘Declaration of Fundamental Rights’ in any future constitutional framework following which, a committee under Motilal Nehru was appointed by the National Congress to study the fundamental rights. The rights emphasized by the Motilal Nehru Committee Report were: * Personal liberty, inviolability of...


Two sides of the same coin: Evaluating 74th Constitutional Amendment Act

Two sides of the same coin: Evaluating 74th Constitutional Amendment Act Abstract: To strengthen the position of urban governance in a more organized manner, the government of India took a pivotal initiative through the enactment of the 74th Constitution Amendment Act. In this paper I attempt to analyse the role of 74th constitutional amendment in increasing the functionality, authority and efficiency of the urban local bodies, in terms of the...


Human Rights under Indian Law

1.3.4 OTHER FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS (UNREMUNERATED FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS) A number of rights are not stated in the Covenant, are not even laid down in part III of the Constitution. In A.D M. Jabalpur V. S. Shukla[1] the Supreme Court by a majority of four to one, held that the Constitution of India did not recognize any natural or common law rights other than that expressly conferred in the Constitution. Though the attitude of the Supreme Court has...


Laws relevant to media report

_1) IDENTIFY THE AREA OF LAWS THAT ARE RELEVANT TO THE CHOSEN MEDIA REPORT, AND EXPLAIN HOW THEY ARE RELEVANT TO THE MATTERS OUTLINED IN THE REPORT_. This media article commentates about the link-up between the radio station of Macquarie Radio Network and that of Fairfax Media’s Radio Business. The ACCC (Australian Competition and Consumer Commission) authorized the merger. The ACCC encourages...


Australia's legal system

Business Law Assignment 1. Australia’s legal system is based on the English legal system.” To what extend is this statement correct? Discuss. It is widely known that Australia continent has been settled by Great Britain from the late 18th century. However, the English legislation system is the foundation of Australia law that is still needed to be discussed before reaching any conclusions. Following are the related factors which clarify this issue. ...


Gender inequality in the political system

CHAPTER FIVE 5.0 ANALYSIS OF FINDINGS INTRODUCTION: This thesis aims to analyse gender inequality in the political system. Democracy—rule by the people—should embrace all segments of society. One instrument for the authorisation of women within the government could be a quota system, other than the...


Minority Shareholder Watchdog Group

INTRODUCTION There are two types of shareholders, namely the majority shareholders and the minority shareholders. Minority shareholders refer to those who own less than 50% of the company’s shares and thus do not possess voting power in the company. Generally, those who have shares in a company must follow the majority rule. However, the law has granted several rights to the minority shareholder to protect their interests. There are three basic rights...


The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act

THE ARMED FORCES (SPECIAL POWERS) ACT AND JURISPRUDENCE BEHIND THE ACT THE Background OF ARMED FORCES SPECIAL POWERS ACT In November 2011, the central government extended the Armed Forces Special Powers Act in J&K for another year. The Act was first imposed in the state in 1990 and since then its term has been extended every year by the unanimous agreement of all concerned agencies. This time around, however, the decision to extend the Act met with some opposition....


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